G.D. Barche. Decoding Literature: A Delusion and a Actuality.
(Bareilly: Prakash E book Depot, 2008).
Pages 197, Value Rs. 175/-.
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Stylistics, with its armoury of analytical weapons, offers significance to kind and exposes how one thing is expressed. One can’t do a stylistic evaluation of a poem or fiction with out some fundamental data of linguistics, structuralism and poststructuralism; grammatical classes akin to nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and so forth, and noun phrases, verb phrases, clauses, collocations and so forth; syntax, diction, and vocabulary; metaphor, sound and prosody options and so forth (in poetry); and point-of-view and speech and thought presentation, understanding of the operate of speech and dialogue (in fictional narratives); textual and rhetorical features – formal description, meditative reflection and metonymic dimension of favor.
Whereas the textual content’s intrinsic linguistic that means or formal properties are fundamental to Barche’s understanding, he applies sure extrinsic contextual elements which are taken to have an effect on the that means of language in discourse. He successfully demonstrates how pragmatic that means, for instance, can complement semantic that means, as he attracts on concepts and experiences outdoors the textual content to formulate his interpretation. The method of his interpretation rests on cues within the textual content which have a unique significance, or are important to a unique extent.
Barche’s e book doesn’t cope with stylistics as a self-discipline, quite it offers stylistic analyses of about 35 poems, 20 novels, and two performs. The main focus of his evaluation isn’t a lot on evaluation of the textual content itself however on evaluation of the elements figuring out the that means of a textual content in its social and religious context. His discourse-analytical method to fashion in literary works is positioned towards Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras, the Upanishads, the Bhagwad Gita, ideas akin to klesa and citta-vrittis; layers of consciousness and beliefs of detachment, freedom, love and self; myths of sin, fall, and struggling; symbols of Shikhandi, Sisyphus, Phoenix and Icarus, Adam and Eve, Purnima and Amavasya and so forth; and ironies, ambiguities and existential dilemmas that management the textual content or relate it to totally different contexts.
All through the 26 essays, composed to display how the written phrases relate to what’s actually meant, there’s an intuitive presence of Patanjali’s citta-vrittis and the assorted Upanishads which are the contexts of Barche’s interpretations. He additionally regards the reader’s autonomy vis-à-vis the textual content, and begins with an instance of the studying and interpretation of Arun Kolatkar’s ‘Makarand’, drawing our consideration to what’s often called the ‘schema’ idea. Nevertheless, he quotes H.G. Widdowson to warning that given the unspecific and ambiguous poetic meanings, “there isn’t a such factor as a definitive interpretation.”
In his detailed evaluation of a few poems by Kamala Das, Barche notes that the poet successfully offers vent to her “implicit or specific anger” brought on by klesas and nourished by viparyaya vritti. He additionally compares a few of her poems with these of Sylvia Plath, who’s equally experientially deep and psychologically advanced however a sufferer of the viparyaya vritti which accounts for her deep-seated anger, ache and sufferings.